Breast cancer is a disease in which cancerous (or malignant) cells develop uncontrollably in the breast tissue (usually in ducts, the tubes carrying milk to the nipple, or in the milk producing glands). It is the most common type of cancer in women and the leading cause of death. But less than 1 drink per day may raise your breast cancer risk.
Types of breast cancer
Breast cancer is often classified into two types:
Non-invasive breast cancer or is located in the breasts. It can not be detected at the palpation of the breast, but only in a mammogram.
Invasive breast cancer extends beyond the breast. The most common form of breast cancer is invasive ductal breast cancer, which develops in the ducts’ cells.
Other types of breast cancer include:
- invasive lobular breast cancer
- inflammatory breast cancer
- Paget’s breast disease
Unfortunately, invasive breast cancer can spread to other regions of the body.
Causes and risk factors of breast cancer
An exact cause of this type of cancer is unknown. Studies show that older age and female hormones play an important role in the development of this type of cancer. It is common in women of over 50 years of age.
It is hard to tell why some women can develop breast cancer and others not. There are risk factors that you can change, but some in front of which you can not do anything.
- Age – 8 out of 10 women can have breast cancer after their 50th birthday.
- Family history – if there are cases in family, relatives of grade one and two, the risk of developing this type of cancer is very high.
- Previous breast cancer diagnosis – if you have previously had breast cancer or non-invasive cancer cell changes in the mammary ducts, or certain types of nodules may increase the risk of developing cancer.
- Breast density – women who have a dense breast tissue may be at greater risk of developing this disease.
- First menstruation at an early age (less than 12 years old)
- Estrogen treatments
- Age advanced at the birth of the first child
- Overweight and obesity
- Diet rich in fat
- Drinking alcoholic beverages
Symptoms of breast cancer
The most common symptom is finding a painless nodule at the breast or axle.
Other symptoms include changes in breast shape and size, changes in the skin on the breasts (stains or creases), nipple leakage, nipple changes (either retracing or inversion), scarring in the nipple, etc.
Each woman must be aware of the importance of breast self-examination, an important way to detect the disease at an early stage.
Breast self-examination should be part of the weekly routine. The more accurate you examine, the better you get to know your body and you will immediately detect any changes in your breasts and axils.
Examine during periods of menstrual cycle when breasts are less painful and less sensitive to touch.
If you feel a hard consistency or texture similar to a pile of sand, go to your doctor for a specialist consultation.
Behavioral therapy in breast cancer
Breast cancer treatment includes surgery, which may be mastectomy (or breast removal), or removal of breast nodules with breast preservation. Other treatments include radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and hormone therapy.
Treatment usually combines intervention methods that:
- works on cancer at the local level (such as surgery and radiotherapy)
- works on cancer cells throughout the body through systemic therapies (such as chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, etc.)
Specific cancer therapies have specific benefits, risks and contraindications, and the oncologist will determine the best options.
- Detected in early stages, breast cancer can be healed in a very high percentage.
- It is good to avoid weight gain. Obesity increases the risk of breast cancer, especially after menopause.
- Consume vegetables and fruits, whole grains and quit, as much as possible, on fatty foods and carbonated beverages.
- Drink alcohol in moderation
- Quit smoking
Train every day.
Less Than 1 Drink Per Day May Raise Your Breast Cancer Risk
How does alcohol increase the risk of developing breast cancer?
The exact mechanism by which alcohol becomes a risk factor for breast cancer is still unclear.
However, one of the hypotheses refers to the ability of alcohol to alter hormone levels in the body, and the most important hormone is estrogen.
A large amount of estrogen is directly correlated with increased risk of breast cancer, and women who drink alcohol (and men, too) have high levels of estrogen in the blood.
How high is the risk of breast cancer depending on how much alcohol you drink?
One in ten women who do not drink alcohol at all will do breast cancer anyway (due to other favors). According to Breakthrough.org.uk, in percent, the risk is about 12%.
For women who drink alcohol a day (25ml of spirit alcohol or 50ml of cognac, half a glass of wine, or half a beer), the risk is about 13% and increases steadily to about 20% in women who drink 6 alcoholic drinks on a regular basis.
It does not seem much, but if you often drink 3 pints of beer or 1 glass of wine, it is enough that your risk of breast cancer is increased to 20%.
I mean, if you still have four friends you meet and regularly drink alcohol together, one of you will get breast cancer.
How can you reduce the risk of breast cancer?
Drop alcohol or consume it rarely at special occasions and only in moderation. You will not develop breast cancer if you drink at your birthday or a friend’s wedding more than a glass or two of champagne, but the risks grow enormously if you make a habit of relaxing each evening with more than half glass of wine.
But I thought a glass of wine at the table was healthy…
It is! And it is even recommended to drink wine at the table, but the glass should not be full (that is to say maximum being an alcoholic unit) and the wine should be red, and dry (Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir).
The dry red wine contains a flavonoid, Resveratrol, which is an antioxidant found in dark-colored grape juice and which inhibits tumor growth in certain types of cancer, including breast cancer.
In addition, red wine, consumed in this way (an alcoholic unit or under a unit), protects the heart and lowers cholesterol.
Less than 1 drink per day may increase your breast cancer risk when speaking about red wine. It is so recommended to drink half a glass of red wine per day to take advantage of the powers of Resveratrol which will help your body fight against cancerous cells.