Most parents want their little ones not to suffer from any dental problems, or from the discomfort of the dental care, often because they have gone through such less pleasant experiences in their childhoods. Although the oral hygiene and healthy teeth are important at any age, in childhood are especially important. If the primary dentition is healthy and properly aligned, this will be the foundation for the proper development of permanent teeth. This article, Dental health, and kids: A Guide for Every Age, will show you what’s important to take care of when it comes to your kids’ dentition, depending on their age.
From 6 months to 2 years and a half
Although teeth begin to form in early intrauterine life, the first tooth erupts, usually around the age of 6 months and the last for about 2 years and a half.
Even before the eruption of the first tooth, the parents should clean the baby’s gums with a piece of a very soft cotton ball, and after the teeth erupted they should clean them 2 times a day, beginning with a thimble silicone, and later with a soft toothbrush.
Also in this period, parents must avoid letting the baby fall asleep with a bottle of milk or sweetened liquids such as tea or juice in the mouth because they will remain in the mouth for a long time and will produce acids that will cause decays. Always after consuming them, the child should drink water.
At the age of 1 year, the child learns to walk, play and risk falling, so he may hurt his teeth. In case something like this occurs, a visit the dentist is a good idea.
From 2 years and a half to 6 years
With the introduction of the child into the children community, kindergarten or preschool, the child gets sick quite often, which could favor the occurrence of dental problems.
Common colds and polyps will prevent the child from breathing through the nose, and the mouth breathing is the only solution for the baby to inhale but may lead teeth issues and jaw deformities.
Proper care at this stage is essential because milk teeth are important for healthy child development. Not only does it help children to chew and speak properly, but also prepare the space for the permanent teeth development.
Milk teeth enamel is less resistant than the adult, so regular visits to the dentist must continue to discover and treat any dental problems in their early stages.
During this period, the child may begin to practice various sports, which could cause trauma to the teeth, so they must be protected with special dental silicone.
From 6 years to 12 years
This is the time of replacement of milk teeth. Immediately after the eruption of permanent teeth, especially the molars at 6 years, their sealing is recommended, which is a very effective method for preventing cavities.
From 12 years to 18 years
It happens quite frequently that by the age of 15 years many teenagers do not pay attention to brushing, therefore dental cavities may appear.
Around the age of 16 years, it is recommended a panoramic x-ray in order to see if the wisdom teeth which will be ready to erupt will produce dental crowding, which will increase the risks of cavities and other teeth breaking.
Unhealthy teeth, crowded and crooked can create numerous problems, from pain and difficulty to eat, to difficulties in the overall development of the child. So dental care should begin in childhood and set a range of wholesome and necessary skills for life.