You have certainly heard about Ebola, the fatal illness that is making more and more victims, especially in West African states. And because there is already more than a bunch of rumors and myths about what the virus does and does not do, what symptoms it has, how and if we can get rid of it, it’s time to tell you once and for all. Here’s all you need to know about this disease! And also, you should know that an Ebola vaccination works with 100% accuracy, according to the studies.
What is Ebola?
Ebola is a deadly disease caused by a virus. There are five strains of this virus, four of which manage to get people sick. Once it penetrates the body, the virus kills the cells, causing some of them to explode.
It destroys the immune system, causes powerful internal bleeding, and affects almost every organ.
It’s scary but also rare. You can only contaminate yourself if you come into direct contact with the body fluids of an already infected person.
How can you get this virus?
You can become infected with Ebola from a person who is already infected only if it already has symptoms.
Ebola is transmitted from one person to another through body fluids. Blood, saliva, and vomiting are the most infectious, but also urine, sweating, tears, or sperm can transmit the virus.
To get infected with Ebola, you should come in direct contact with these fluids, reach your nose, eyes, genitals, or an open wound on your skin. You can also get contaminated by getting in touch with the needles or tissues used by people who are already infected.
How can you NOT take Ebola?
You can not be infected by banal contact, such as the staying near an affected person. Air, food, and water do not carry the virus.
However, kissing or drinking water or food from the same container can be a major risk because you are likely to come into direct contact with the person’s saliva.
What are the symptoms?
It may take between 2 and 21 days for the virus to settle and the symptoms appear, but usually occur after a maximum of 10 days.
Symptoms are similar to those of a trivial fever at first:
- muscle aches
- dry throat
Once the disease progresses, it can cause:
- bleeding without a previous wound
Where is Ebola found?
So far, there have been 33 epidemics of Ebola disease since 1976, but the recent West African epidemic is by far the largest.
The virus has infected thousands of people and has already killed half of them. It began in Guinea and spread to Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria. A man who traveled from the United States to Africa died of Ebola. Also, the nurse who helped to treat him was also infected.
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