So far, you know that magnesium is one of the most important minerals that exist on Earth and in our human bodies. A major part of us are aware of its benefits for our health and some of us have heard about what happens to us if we have magnesium deficiency. In this article, we will learn a lot more interesting facts about magnesium. So, if you’re curious to know more about it as a mineral, as a metal and what makes it so important in our lives and health and even for the planet Earth, keep an eye on these lines!
Facts about Magnesium regarding planet Earth
How many of you know that magnesium sums up pretty much 2 percent of the Earth’s crust? Pretty impressive, huh? And wait, there’s more to come. How was the magnesium born? Well, according to scientists, magnesium comes to life under some extreme hot temperatures after the fuse from neon and helium and it is born nowhere else than… in the stars! According to the US Geological Survey, it was stated that the magnesium is the 8th most abundant element that exists in the Universe. The location of magnesium on planet Earth is in its crust and also the mantle. Dissolving it it in the seawater, sits the magnesium on the 3rd place among the most abundant minerals that can be dissolved in the seawater. The percent concentration sums up 0,13.
General facts about magnesium
- One cannot see the magnesium in its pure form, as a silvery light metal, in the nature. It is rather a versatile element, and can occur only if it’s combined with other elements. Among these elements that the magnesium can combine with are calcium, carbon and oxygen and also in the common mineral dolomite.
- The chemist Sir Humphry Davy was the one who managed to purify the magnesium back in the 1808. He succeeded to create a small amount of magnesium by running an electrical current through magnesium oxide.
- The Royal Society of Chemistry stated that the French chemist Antoine Bussy managed to create a significant pure magnesium amount in the year 1831.
- If you want to make items that have to be strong and lighted, such as car bodies or drink cans, you need to combine the magnesium with other elements, such as aluminium.
- You might know that the magnesium is a flammable element and can be used for fireworks and flares, but did you know that in the World War II, magnesium has been used in order to make incendiary bombs? Pretty awesome, huh?
Most of us have learned about magnesium in the school, since it is a chemical element, and back then, we knew what its properties were. So, let’s go back awhile and remember what we’ve learned about magnesium as a chemical element in the school. Let’s see if the information fits the Jefferson National Linear Accelerator Laboratory, which says that magnesium has the following properties:
- The number of protons that can be found in its nucleus, also known as the Atomic Number is 12
- On the Periodic Table of Elements, the atomic symbol of the magnesium is Mg
- The average mass of the atom, also known as the atomic weight is 24.3050
- The density of the magnesium is established at 1.74 grams per cubic centimeter
- The magnesium’s phase at a room temperature is the solid state
- The melting point of the magnesium is 1.202 Farenheit degrees, which in Celsius grades means 650
- The magnesium has a boiling point established at 1.994 Farenheit grades, which means 1.090 in Celsius grades
- The magnesium’s number of isotopes is established at 21, from which 3 of them are stable. The isotopes are the atoms of the same element that has a different number of neutrons
- The most common magnesium isotopes that we can meet are Mg-24, Mg-25 and Mg-26. The Mg-24 has 78.99% natural abundance, while the Mg-25 has only 10% natural abundance and the Mg-26 only 11% natural abundance.
Some of the biological uses of magnesium
- The magnesium is part of the chlorophyll, which is the green pigment used by the plants in order to extract their energy from the sunlight.
- The magnesium is also very important for a number of 300 biological processes in our body
- As adults, women have to consume 320 milligrams of magnesium each day, and men should consume 420 milligrams of magnesium per day. We can take magnesium on a natural way, through foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts and legumes, and if it’s still not enough, there are always magnesium supplements available on the market that can help us improve our medical conditions, especially if it’s about premenstrual syndrome, diabetes and high blood pressure.
- And since we’re talking about magnesium and its presence in the human body, it is important to know that 60% of it can be found only in the skeleton of the human body, while 39% of it can be found in the muscle tissue and just 1% of magnesium amount is found extracellular.
Did you know that…?
- Did you ever wonder from where it come the name of the magnesium element? Well, apparently, the word “magnesium” has traces somewhere in the Greek region called Magnesia. In Magnesia, it is said to be found compounds of the element in their most natural form.
- The magnesium, in combination with hydrogen and oxygen molecules, has a compound called “milk of Magnesia”, which has the same effects as a laxative and it can be used to treat indigestion
- There is a very popular home remedy that is owed to the magnesium, and it actually consists of magnesium sulfate. This remedy is known as “Epsom salts”, and the name comes from an England spring that is famous for its salts that occur in a natural way
- There is a large quantity of magnesium in the United States that sums up pretty much 65 metric tons of magnesium. However, 88% of this amount is found only in Nevada, which makes Nevada one of the richest places in magnesium
- It is highly recommended that you do not put a fire magnesium altogether with water, because the water will eventually cause the magnesium metal fire to flare up
Other cool facts about magnesium
We know that we live in a world that is constantly trying to evolve and brilliant people with brilliant minds are putting up together to create some of the most unbelievable things. Fiorenzo Omenetto, and biomedical engineer, and his colleagues from the Tufts University, are some of these brilliant people. Why? The reason is they are trying to create the perfect bandage, one that can heal a wound by killing the bacteria from inside.
So far, they’ve managed to create an implantable device made from silk and magnesium which can kill a staph infection way before it can dissolve it inside the body. We know that the general medical implants are made of metal and any other permanent metals, which means that these either can get stuck inside our bodies forever, or they have to be removed. The removal part is a process that is kind of dangerous, because it can leave you with infections or other types of unwanted complications.
This is why Omenetto and this team are trying to do something different and more helpful. They are using a silk substance made up of amino acids (amino acids are the ones that build up the protein, right?), together with a coil of magnesium. Thus, they were able to create a simple miniature heater.
So, if you implant the heater in the body, it can be turned on, thus producing an increased temperature in the body that can actually kill the staphylococcus aureus bacteria. After a few days or weeks pass, the device dissolves itself, which means that it is not harmful to the body. This fact was tested during a mice experiment that revealed that the tissue was still perfectly healthy after it dissolved, and there were no signs of any increased levels of magnesium or of the silk proteins in the body.