Obesity is characterized by weight gain above the optimal level, due to the accumulation of excess body fat. Obesity reflects the existence of powerful hormonal imbalances in the body, and it is one of the most common diseases of modern society. According to statistics from the World Health Organization, over 300 million adults of the total world population suffer from various forms of obesity. Obesity and disabilities are directly linked and next, we’ll learn how they are connected.
What changes does the obesity cause in the body?
When the accumulation of fat tissues occurs, disturbances of the mental balance generates the occurrence of depression. In time, the accumulated nervous tension in the body disrupts the endocrine activity. Endocrine glands most commonly involved in these disorders are pituitary, thyroid, pancreas, and adrenals.
In most cases, people with weight problems “tolerate” the disease itself, continuing the lifestyle which led to this condition, but without taking into account the negative long-term effects.
Obesity is a risk factor that favors the emergence of serious chronic conditions, such as:
- Apnea and breathing problems
- Increased cholesterol
- Heart diseases
- Vascular strokes
- Increased risks for tumor development in the uterus, breast, colon and rectum, kidney, gallbladder.
It’s also conditioning the body to generate a series of related effects:
- Psychological affections, such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks
- Menstrual unbalances
- Pregnancy evolution disorders
- Presence of excess hair on the body and face
- Involuntary discharge of urine, due to the lack of bladder muscles control
- Increased risk of complications in cases of surgical interventions
- Higher mortality risk
To these are added the negative impact on metabolism. Adipose tissue accumulates in the body primarily in internal organs, which will be “suffocated” by the pressure accumulated, which will aggravate. This installs a functional imbalance between the internal organs and organ systems. Liver, heart, and kidneys are the first organs that will feel the effects of this imbalance.
Intensity decreases and basic metabolism, which reduces the amount of oxygen and food received by organs and increases cell toxicity.
At this stage of the disease, a vicious circle occurs: the organs do not receive the necessary resources for proper operation but requires them continuously. In an attempt to satisfy this basic need of the body, the patient consumes large quantities of food, leading to constant fat deposition in the body.
In the body, there is a very high correlation between fat mass and a number of hormones secreted by the adrenal glands. For that reason, first, the hormonal balance must be restored, then going for a weight loss diet and physical activity is a must.
Obesity and disabilities
The number of older people with disabilities is increasing, and U.S. researchers say this could be caused by obesity.
In recent decades, the number of people who can not perform simple tasks such as walking from one room to another, lifting the bed and dressing increased by 40% to 70%.
These are the findings of a study conducted at the University of California, quoted by The Sun-Times.
The study showed that it is people aged between 60 and 69 years who are facing disabilities caused by obesity. Among people aged between 70 and 80 years, the incidence of disability remains constant over time.
According to researchers, among people aged 60-69 years cases of obesity are found quite often so that these people can not move easily.
The younger ones are not safe, either. Obesity is causing disabilities for younger people, too. When weighing way too much than normal, it becomes very hard to move, walk, and when other diseases and disorders caused by obesity occurs, the issue becomes worst.
Some of the main effects of obesity are the weight and the increased pressure exerted on the legs muscles, especially, by the excess weight, thus causing legs pains, and psychologically the people facing this kind of issue are simply avoiding long walks in order to feel no pain.
Disabilities can be also caused by the obesity-related diseases, such as diabetes which can lead to diabetic neuropathy, which in its turn can cause the so-called Diabetic Foot. Diabetic Foot is characterized by ulcerations at the foot level because of the nerves damage, which if not treated properly will lead to walking disabilities, and even to the foot or leg amputation.