Although in many areas of industry men have already been replaced by robots, the evolution in this direction does not seem to end too soon. Nowadays, robots are used particularly in heavy industries, like car constructions, but when the A.I. (Artificial Intelligence) will reach its apogee, it will become very easy to replace the humans with robots which won’t ask for money or for launch breaks, and won’t need to sleep.
A new study published last days by WEF (World Economic Forum) draws attention to a global trend that only seems to accelerate from year to year. This is the very large number of robots that are becoming more efficient at jobs that have been occupied for decades, if not more, by people.
As part of The Future of Jobs report, which is completely free to access for everyone on its official Internet page, the WEF comes to a worrying conclusion. More than 5 million jobs will be lost to robots by 2020.
The serious part is that if only a few years ago it affected only those people working in production, in the close feature there will be a risk that the people in management positions and those who spend a significant amount of time at the office to be replaced by more efficient robots.
In order to associate a high degree of reliability with the analysis, WEF has studied the situation in 15 countries with 1.9 billion workers, including China, France, Germany, Japan, Mexico, England, and the United States of America. This represents about 65% of the global workforce.
Trying to envelop the dramatic discoveries in an optimistic tone, the World Economic Forum offers some reliable solutions to this inevitable situation. The secret lies in as many training and reorientation programs as possible.
‘In order to prevent the worst scenario, technological changes accompanied by a fall in the number of talented people, mass unemployment, and income inequality, training and reorienting current employees will be an important critique.’, Klaus Schwab, the founder of WEF and Richard Samans from the same organization have synthesized the very way we can prevent a major economic crisis.
What are the areas where robots will successfully replace people in the next 10-20 years?
Another study conducted by Amy Webb, a writer, CEO, and founder of Webbmedia Group, shows that there are 8 domains, including sales and advertising, customer service and the media.
Cashier jobs may disappear, for example, in the future, due to gadgets that allow us to make payments, such as Apple Pay or Apple Watch.
The development, diversification, and improvement of mobile technologies that allow direct payment via mobile phone eliminates from the scheme the need to hire people to do these things.
Advertising increasingly tends to focus on studying potential on-line customer behaviors and targeting them with results-based advertising. Once such a system has been put in place, jobs in advertising will no longer involve human staff, or at least not to the same extent.
Customer relations services are increasingly outsourced in India or other countries where the workforce is more financially accessible. But the operation that normally involves a consultant begins to automate.
An example of this are various companies’ robots operators who have been introduced for few years in many countries, having a voice recognition system and solving monthly several thousand requests are without the need for a human consultant. Fully automated, these robots operators are used by mobile carriers, banks, or on-line stores.
Work in factories, financial mediation jobs, written press, or lawyers are some other jobs where people could be successfully replaced by robots.
Lawyers dealing with trademark registration, succession, and even divorce, may be out of work, being replaced by on-line services such as, for example, LegalZoom.
Let’s not forget the hotels industry. There is already a hotel in Japan where 10 robots replace human staff.
Are robots going to take your job? Yes, the trend leads to this conclusion but don’t worry much, because this will happen in 20-30 years, and there are hundreds of jobs in which robots will never replace men.