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Types of allergic skin disorders

Kate
Senior Editor, TipsHire
Types-of-allergic-skin-disorders

Do you have a sensitive skin? That’s okay, most people have. There are plenty of persons out there that are having a hard time because of the skin irritations that appear at some point in their lives. Irritations come in many forms and shapes, so to speak, and each one of them has a different name, and the variety is precisely what gets us confused and puts in the danger of wrongly diagnose our skin rash or irritation.

The allergic skin conditions occur when an allergen becomes responsible for the trigger of an immune system response. By now, we should be aware of the fact that there are plenty of different types of allergic skin disorders and conditions and we should all be aware of how to recognize and treat them.

This is why, in this article, we’ll introduce you to some allergic skin conditions that you may be prone to at a certain time in your life.

Hives and Angioderma

The hives that are red, itcky and presents raised areas of the skin are called urticaria. These can range in their sizes and they can appear in every part of the body. In the most cases, hives are acute and are known for their relatively short period of lasting – a few days to a couple of weeks. But there are also people that suffer from chronic hives and they can develop symptoms that come and go and these can last for several months and sometimes, even several years. The allergist or the immunologist has to prescribe you antihistamines in order to help you relieve all your symptoms.

If you can easily identify the trigger, then it’s best to avoid the trigger, but when it comes to the chronic cases, you should know that not all of them are related to allergy. You need to have several blood tests or allergy screens, in order to have a clearer view on the matter.

On the other hand, angioderma is a swelling that mainly affects the deeper layers of the skin. The difference from the hive is that angioderma it is not red or itchy. Angioderma almost always involves certain parts of the body, such as lips, tongue, eyelids, hands, feet. It can occur in the same time with the hives or can appear on its own.

For both angioderma and hives, there are several factors whose reactions to these can trigger the two allergic skin conditions: food, drugs, insects stings. The acute hives can be also triggered by the bacterial infections. Heat, cold, exercise, exposure to sunlight and pressure are other types of factors that can cause hives.

What is Dermatitis

It is a skin inflammation that produces a scaly, itchy and red rash. There are two types of dermatitis known – atopic dermatitis, also called eczema, and contact dermatitis. The atopic dermatitis or the eczema is a chronic skin condition that can begin in the childhood and it is mostly associated with allergic rhinitis, asthma or food allergy.  There are certain foods that can trigger the eczema in young kids. Other factors might be the dust mites, animal dander, sweating or the contact with irritating soaps or wool.

The treatment for the eczema focuses mostly on preventing the itch. You must not rub or scratch the surface of the rash. It is helpful if you apply cold compresses, ointments or creams. You can apply corticosteroid and anti-inflammatory creams because they are most effective in the treatment of the rash. Antihistamines relieve the itchiness.

Contact dermatitis appears when your skin is in contact with a certain substance and causes a rash called like this. There are two types of contact dermatitis: allergic and irritant.

Irritant contact dermatitis is when the substance damages a part of your skin that comes in contact with it. It is painful, not itchy. Your hands are the most prone to get this skin condition. You can wear gloves if you know that you’re dealing with various types of substances.

Allergic contact dermatitis happens when you touch poison ivy. The skin gets all red, itchy, blistered. This skin condition allergy is provoked by a substance found in the plants and called urushiol. The reaction can last f24 to 48 hours after the contact was made. You will need 14 to 28 days in order to get rid of the allergy, even if you are under treatment. There are other factors that can favor the allergic contact dermatitis, such as: perfumes, nickel, rubber, latex, dyes and cosmetics. The treatment for this type of contact dermatitis depends on the severity of the symptoms. It’s better to address the doctor for a serious and effective treatment.

All things considered, if you know that your skin is sensitive, it is better to wear protection every time you come in contact with foreign substances that might get you nasty skin rashes and irritations. Whenever  something doesn’t work or the rash and itch don’t seem to disappear, go to a doctor and ask for treatment.

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