Urinary infections or cystitis, as they are called in popular language, are triggered by the action of a bacteria on the urinary tract. The main signs of the condition are frequent urination associated with aches or pains. This disease is more common in women, but third-age men are prone to it, too.
This type of infection occurs due to the fact that different microorganisms reach the urinary system, multiply and, over time, lead to changes in the normal functioning of the kidneys and urinary tract but, recently an increase in urinary tract infections linked to antibiotics used in food animals.
World statistics indicate that urinary infections are the most common infections, more common than respiratory infections with cough and expectoration.
Women are more prone to urinary tract infections, with 50% of them suffering from urinary infection at least once in their life.
Young men are rarely affected by urinary infections, while men over 50 years of age with prostate disease are more at risk of urinary incontinence.
What are the causes of urinary infections?
The urinary system, as well as the urine itself, has a number of properties designed to prevent bacterial growth and dissemination through the external urethral opening.
These bacteria most commonly come from the lower digestive tract and anus, which anatomically binds to the opening of the urethra.
In 80% of the cases (common urinary tract infections), the bacterium involved is Escherichia coli (E. coli), a microbe that is normally found in the colon and anus.
Symptoms of urinary infection
Symptoms of urinary tract infection vary depending on its location.