Nowadays, sex education classes are kept in schools to explain some basics regarding sex, such as how the babies are conceived or what should girls expect when the first period occurs. Later on, in high-school, sex education classes are meant to teach the pupils about sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancy, how to use protection during intercourse to avoid STDs or an unwanted pregnancy, and further more. Fertility education is ignored and that’s why women call for more fertility education.
A survey conducted in the US on 1200 women aged between 25 and 45 was trying to figure out what American women know about fertility. The study was conducted by the Fertility Centers of Illinois in 2016, and its results revealed the fact that women don’t know much about fertility, infertility causes, and about what they should do in order to conceive healthy babies.
More specifically, a little below 50% of the surveyed ladies offered proper answers regarding this subject, while almost 80% of them agreed at the end that fertility education classes should be a part of the sex education classes in schools.
Fertility Tips and Tricks
In the US, there are some alarming statistics on infertility. One in eight couples face the infertility issue, and more than that, around 8 million American women got infertility services.
Globally, the situation is more alarming. More than 18% of the global population is affected by infertility, meaning that more than 1 billion people are affected by this issue.
For both women and men, here are 5 tips and tricks on how to increase fertility.
Have a balanced diet
The Mediterranean diet, based on many fruits and vegetables, including almonds and nuts, as well as on whole grains, olive oil, and fewer saturated fats, has the role of boosting the fertility. Mediterranean-style food is rich in antioxidants that fight against the free radicals, contributing to the overall well-being. In this way, the health of the ovaries and ovules is maintained, and, in men cases, this kind of diet protects the sperm cell membranes.
Monitor your weight
Overweight and obesity are fertility enemies in both women and men, as they compromise the production of ovules and sperm. In women, obesity can cause hormonal changes that can lead to periods without ovulation. In addition, overweight women often suffer from polycystic ovary syndrome, a metabolic disorder that creates difficulty in conceiving babies. Obesity is also known to be a risk factor for maternal and fetal complications during the nine months of pregnancy.
Quit smoking and limit the alcohol consumption
Smoking reduces the chances of getting pregnant and comes with a number of adverse risks to the fetus in the case of pregnant women. Women who smoke have a 60% higher risk of infertility than women who do not smoke. In men, smoking reduces the production of sperm and lowers the spermatozoon number.
Alcohol changes the level of estrogen, which can interfere with the implantation of the egg. To increase your fertility, you also need to take into consideration lowering the coffee consumption.
Avoid stress for as much as possible
Stress is a fertility inhibitor. The desire and the effort to get pregnant may be a stress factor that prevents you from getting what you want. Relax, reduce tension by practicing meditation techniques, acupuncture, and yoga, and you will be more likely to get pregnant.
Same goes for men. When stressed up, sperm production is lower and so is the libido. Same relaxation techniques as in the women’s cases, such as meditation, acupuncture, and yoga, help to reduce the stress level.
Dietary supplements have proven beneficial effects on both males, and females fertility. These can be very effective in hormone balancing and in improving general well-being, which is vital to a successful conception.
Scientific studies have shown that certain vitamins and minerals can increase the chances of getting pregnant and maintaining a pregnancy.
- Folic acid – the synthetic form of the Vitamin B is an essential element in the diet of any woman who wants to get pregnant. If the diet is not high enough in foods containing folic acid, gynecologists recommend taking supplements for three months before conception.
- Zinc – it is an important nutrient for both men, and women, when it comes to fertility improvement. It is an essential component of the genetic material and a zinc deficiency can cause chromosomal changes in both men, and women, which leads to reduced fertility and an increased risk of spontaneous abortion. Zinc is also important for sperm health.
- Selenium – it is an antioxidant that helps protect the body from free radicals. For this reason, selenium can prevent breakage of chromosomes, a leading cause of congenital malformations and spontaneous abortions.
- Vitamin E – it is another powerful antioxidant that increases fertility.
- Vitamin C – this vitamin improves the sperm quality and protects the DNA.
If any of this methods is not working for you or your partner, then you should visit a doctor seeking help because your problem could be of a different nature.
Some of the most common infertility causes in women are:
- Ovulatory dysfunction
- Affection of the fallopian tubes
- Problems in the uterine body (uterine fibroids or polyps, uterine malformations, or infections)
- Cervical or vaginal affections
- Immunological dysfunctions
Most common infertility causes in men are:
- Sperm dysfunction
- Varicoceles (the expansion of a vein around the testicle that can affect the production of sperm)
- Hormonal imbalances
- Testicular insufficiency
- Retrograde ejaculation (involves ejaculating the sperm back to the bladder, instead of spreading it through the penis)
- Lifestyle and environmental factors (drugs, alcohol, smoking, certain medications, and excessive heat in the genital area may affect sperm quality and function)
Besides these factors, there are some common factors for both men, and women, such as:
- The frequency of the intercourse: not having enough sex can lead to infertility because the fertile period of the woman can be skipped.
- The moment of the intercourse: in the cases of an irregular period, the fertile moment is very hard to calculate, that bringing us back to the frequency – having sex more often is better when trying to conceive.
- The age: the fertility decreases with age, especially in women.
Having a baby can be considered the normal course of everyone’s life, therefore, fertility education is as important as the sex education is, so it should be included in schools. Women call for fertility education upon observing the fact that not many of them are aware of the details that can change infertility into fertility.